Testosterone is one of the most interesting and mysterious hormones of the human body. It affects all aspects of life, starting with how we feel tastes, ending with who we decide to start a family. But there are those who do not have testosterone.
Chemistry and life
Testosterone can be called the most “promoted” of human hormones. Even people talk less often about serotonin and endorphin than testosterone. If you look at the search queries on the Internet, you will see: one of the basic desires of the population is the desire to “increase testosterone.”
Yes, it may be relevant for athletes who use steroids, but taking testosterone can not only help build the desired muscle mass, but also give side effects, such as baldness, breast obesity in men and no less serious complications in women.
Getting testosterone from the side, the body stops secreting it himself. An overdose of testosterone is an extremely unpleasant thing.
The question is, why do people want to raise it? The answer is obvious: testosterone is a sex hormone. He is responsible for masculinity and sexual behavior. That is why when the word “testosterone” men straighten their backs, and sensitive girls are embarrassed.
The pursuit of testosterone in modern society is quite understandable. We decided to find out the other side of the coin and see how it is to live without testosterone.
Testosterone is considered to be the hormone of passion, its increased content makes a person more aggressive, awakens uncontrollable reactions in him. Therefore, there is nothing strange in the fact that some religious communities, such as eunuchs, for example, practiced surgical removal of the ovaries to achieve impassivity.
However, the absence of testosterone will not make a person impassive. Testosterone is responsible not only for sexual desire, but also for many character traits. Research conducted in 2009 by Ernst Fehrom, a neuroeconomist at the University of Zurich, showed that testosterone affects almost all aspects of human behavior.
In people with low testosterone levels in the blood, such qualities as stinginess and tendency to accumulation can increase. Formally speaking, people with low testosterone levels are ideal money keepers, ideal bankers. While people with high levels of the hormone in the blood – rather, adventurers are prone to risk. Such people can both become successful businessmen, and “burn out”.
In confirmation of the above: eunuchs were very wealthy. The idea of hoarding was one of their main ideas. In one of the essay songs directly says: “Here we are not getting married and not getting married, that’s why they are rich. Do the same as we, stop believing your stallions then it will be easier to live, you will be rich, you will be holy.” The ideas of holiness and the wealth of the eunuchs are closely intertwined.
The wealthy communities of Skopts in the middle of the 19th century bought up whole areas in the Russian Empire, although their number was not so large — about 6,000 people. According to the eunuchs of the eunuchs, the Last Judgment should come when the number of “white pigeons” (the whips were considered “gray pigeons) will reach 144,000. that the eunuch was Tsar Alexander I, and Paul I was killed for refusing to accept the Skvkomstvo.
The first traces of eunuchs historians have found in Mesopotamia. Assyrian queen Semiramid and queen of Sheba castrated male slaves so that they became their approximate. The range of influence of eunuchs on politics was great. During the more than 2000-year history of China, eunuchs occupied the first places in its policy, were “close” to the emperors, and during the period of their early years and in fact actually stood in power.
The absence of testosterone made eunuchs obedient and faithful servants, but the same factor made them ideal intriguers who could remain “gray cardinals” under the ruler. As recent studies have shown, the importance of eunuchs was so strong also due to the fact that they lived much longer than ordinary people of their time.
The effect of testosterone on life expectancy has been repeatedly confirmed in various studies. One of these, conducted in 1969 among patients at a psychiatric hospital in Kansas, showed that neutered men live 14 years longer.
Interesting data on this issue was recently published by the Korean scientist Kyung-Chin Ming. He studied the book “Jan-Se-Ke-Bo”, in which one can trace the genealogical information about 385 families of court eunuchs. Comparing the life expectancy of 81 eunuchs with confirmed dates of life, Kyung-Ching Ming saw that the average life expectancy of eunuchs was 71 years. That is, the eunuchs experienced their contemporaries on average for 17 years.
The results of the study of the dependence of life expectancy on testosterone levels make you wonder. But not enough, of course, to go to the surgeon. The negative effects of testosterone can be stabilized if you monitor your emotions and try not to testosterone extra time.
Japanese miracle and trouble
The best tasters in the world are the Japanese. Due to the low level of testosterone (compared with Europeans), their taste buds are better developed. Recently, on November 4, The Guardian magazine published a ranking of the famous annual whiskey biblical guide World Whiskey Bible, in which 2013 Yamazaki Japanese single malt whiskey was recognized as the best whiskey.
However, Japanese nutritionists and sociologists today are sounding the alarm, fearing that residents of the Land of the Rising Sun may lose their valuable qualities due to … changes in diet. A study conducted at the University of California, Los Angeles, found a link between animal fat intake and increased testosterone levels.
Scientists, of course, are not only worried about the tasters. A change in the Japanese diet, an increase in the share of fast food in the diet, has social consequences. We are talking about school aggression, frequent depression. By 2003, the share of aggression increased by 5% in high school and by 28% in elementary school. The number of suicides has also grown. Since 1998, more than 30,000 Japanese have committed suicide every year.
6 main myths about testosterone
Some scientists believe testosterone is the “elixir of youth”, others believe that it kills. As President Kennedy said, the enemy of truth most often is not a lie, but a myth, so let’s deal with mythology.
The more testosterone, the more aggressive the man.
Where the legs grow from this delusion is clear. This idea was voiced after a series of experiments, during which it turned out that neutered male mice are more peaceful than their full-fledged relatives. As for people, the relationship of this hormone and aggressive behavior has not been proven by doctors. Moreover, numerous experiments suggest the opposite. Such a test thundered: one group of women was given a pill with testosterone, and the other – a placebo. Those who received a real hormone, behaved more calmly and worthily. From which the doctors concluded that bad mood and aggression are more likely to blame for low testosterone than high.
Testosterone Causes Prostate Cancer
In 1941, Dr. Huggins noticed that in one of his patients, a patient with prostate cancer, in the presence of testosterone drugs, his blood acid phosphatase level, one of the markers of cancer, increased. The doctor declared: “… testosterone is food for a hungry tumor,” and testosterone’s reputation has been stained. How not to believe the luminary – in 1966, Huggins was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for the establishment of mechanisms for the development and progression of prostate cancer. Today, doctors are ready to argue with this statement: recent studies have shown that testosterone is not “food for a starvation prostate tumor”, but its deficiency. Otherwise, how to explain, for example, that young people who have no shortage of testosterone, almost do not suffer from prostate cancer?
Testosterone decreases with age
Not necessary. On the contrary, in men with good health, the level of testosterone remains at the same level even in advanced years. If, nevertheless, testosterone decreases, then it is not about age, but in chronic diseases – such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. It used to be that with 40 years in men there is a decrease in testosterone levels by 1 percent per year. And you need to live with it. Australian researchers have refuted this opinion. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology published the “Study of Healthy Men”, which stated that “subjects” are over 40 years old with good or excellent health, “have no signs of decline with age.” Such conclusions were made on the basis of an experiment in which 325 healthy men took part in 40. Each of them, 9 months, took a blood test 9 times.
Bald means courageous
So it happened: bald is good, a lot of testosterone. Where this delusion came from is not clear, maybe the bald ones have come up with to compensate for the lack of vegetation on the head. Doctors did not find any evidence for this statement: an analysis of the medical records of many thousands of men (both bald and those with a lot of hair) showed that testosterone does not affect the presence of hair on the head. The causes of baldness can be dozens – from genetic, ending with past illnesses, medication use, stress and diets.
Testosterone – a cure for many diseases
We treat testosterone – not very popular yet, but in America they love it. If you believe their advertisements, patches and gels with testosterone do not help anything: they will not leave a trace of chronic fatigue, they will cope with erectile dysfunction in men, they will also relieve the stomach! In fact, there is no more sense from testosterone products than from placebo, doctors say. Testosterone may slightly increase libido, but it is powerless against erectile dysfunction. As for excess weight, testosterone can slightly reduce lean body mass, but using it as a drug for weight loss is unscientific. If we talk about fatigue, then none of the clinical studies have not confirmed that the reason for it may lie in reducing testosterone levels.
Responsible for sexual desire – testosterone
Of course, libido depends on testosterone, but not to the extent that we are accustomed to count. In this issue, the male hormone plays a far from the main role. Other factors, both physical and psychological, have a greater influence on libido. Ideas about sex, health, stress, emotional state, and even other hormones affect the need for sex much more than testosterone.